Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Our gastroenterologist specializes in medical and surgical treatment of digestive system disorders and diseases. The organs along the alimentary tract, from the mouth to anus, are diagnosed for complications before effective treatment is given to each patient. The organs which are diagnosed and treated by our gastroenterologist are the tongue, salivary glands, esophagus and other parts of the lungs, liver, stomach, gall bladder, pancreas and colon.

Some of the common diseases which are treated under gastroenterology are-

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Esophagitis
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Hepatitis
  • Gall bladder stones
  • Tumors in the pancreas and bile duct
  • Gastric cancer
  • Gastritis
  • Gastric ulceration
  • Peptic ulcers
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Enterocolitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Celiac disease
  • Appendicitis
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hernia

 

The surgeries offered by our gastroenterologist at Balaji Hospital are-

  • Laparoscopic surgery- It is also called as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, wherein a small incision is made within the abdominal or pelvic cavities. The camera is attached to a long optic fiber cable which takes photos or videos of the problem area. Keyhole surgery can also be performed on the chest and thoracic cavities. We perform laparoscopic surgery on the esophagus, chest, liver, gall bladder, abdomen, pancreas, colon and rectum. Our digital laparoscope is a technologically updated, state-of-the-art facility to perform the surgery.
  • Esophageal surgery- The esophagus is surgically removed when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells, termed esophagectomy. Most of the esophagus and lymph nodes are moved, while the stomach is connected to the remaining esophagus with a flexible tube. We also perform esophageal dilation when there is severe damage to the esophagus due to corrosion or narrowing due to stomach reflux acid. The dilator is passed through the mouth into the esophagus to dilate or stretch out the esophageal area.
  • Gastric surgery- Gastric surgery is commonly done in cases of internal corrosion, stomach ulcers and stomach cancer. Abdominal pain, persistent vomiting and bleeding at times are the common symptoms. For stomach ulceration, medication is usually provided for healing but partial gastrectomy is done when there is bleeding of ulcers. For stomach cancer, an upper GI endoscopy for diagnosis and this is followed by partial/full gastrectomy or gastric bypass with chemotherapy. When there is internal corrosion due to severe acidic content, gastric bypass or gastric sleeve surgeries need to be performed.
  • Liver surgery- Liver abscess due to retention of pus is treated by antibiotic medication as well as recurrent pushing of the needle into the abscess under ultrasound guidance. In case of multiple abscesses and rupture, laparoscopic surgery is performed. In case of liver cysts, laparoscopic puncture is done to remove fluid retention. The cysts are surgically removed to deroof them from the liver. In the case of liver cancer, liver resection or hepatectomy is carried out partially or fully to remove portions of it and transplant a healthy one from donor.
  • Pancreatic surgery- Whipple procedure (pancreaticoduodenectomy) is preferred for removal of malignant or cancerous tumors in the head of pancreas, duodenum and bile duct end. Laparoscopic pancreas surgery is performed at its tail end with tumors on it. For pancreatic cancer, potentially curative and palliative surgeries are performed depending on the growth of cancer cells.
  • Bariatric surgery- This is the medical and surgical treatment given for metabolism and obesity related disorders. Some examples of diseases requiring bariatric treatment are heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, sleep apnea and hypertension. For those who are classified as obese as per their body mass index, gastric bypass surgery is performed to excise the stomach. Gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy are also carried out to curtail obesity and reduce the stomach size.
  • Colorectal surgery- It is the field of medicinal and surgical practice for disorders of the rectum, colon and the anus. Some diseases treated by colorectal surgery are anal hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal fistula, chronic constipation, colorectal cancer, Crohn’s disease, anal cancer and foreign objects lodged within the colorectal system. The procedures involved in colorectal surgery are colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, colectomy for treating ulcerative colitis, polypectomy for removing polyp infested colon and surgical removal of cancer cells in the colon and rectum.