Surgical oncology

Surgical oncology

Surgical oncologists focus on the cure, control and removal of cancerous tumors. We perform surgery alongside other specialties such as hematology and radiology in order to understand the disease in totality. 

Our surgical oncologists form a core part of a multidisciplinary team to treat patients with cancer. Biopsy techniques, collaborating with other oncologists to develop a combined treatment plan, and optimal image guidance are some roles that the surgical oncologist takes up. Cancer in the breasts, skin, head and neck, esophagus, liver, bile ducts, stomach, pancreas and the endocrine system are treated by surgical oncology.  

The diagnosis of the patient is thoroughly studied and non-surgical treatments are performed by medical oncologists. This can be done before surgery (neoadjuvant therapy) or after the surgery (adjuvant therapy). Carrying out these treatments will help prevent cancer growth, its spread or recurrence in the future.

The surgeries carried out depend on the patient’s age, fitness, medical history, type, size, location and stage of cancerous tumor. Our surgical oncologist will also educate the patients about the benefits and risks of the surgery type. Diagnosis is carried out through biopsy, endoscopy, laparotomy or laparoscopy.

Some surgical procedures performed at Balaji hospitals by our oncologists are as follows-

  • Minimally invasive cancer surgery (laparoscopic surgery)
  • Intraoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • Mastectomy (for breast cancer)
  • Sentinel node biopsy
  • Axillary dissection
  • Whipple procedure (for liver and bile ducts)


After the tumor is removed, the defect left behind can be impactful on the bodily function. In order to correct this, reconstructive surgery can be performed at the same time of the cancer removal (immediate reconstruction) or weeks later (delayed reconstruction). Reconstructive surgery is commonly performed on the head and neck, breasts and bladders.